The minimalist movement has taken root in many parts of life, including design, interior decorating, psychology, and economics. It arised in the early 1960s among artists based in New York. They were self-consciously renouncing recent art they thought had become stale and academic. A wave of new influences and rediscovered styles led artists to question conventional boundaries between various media.
The new art sculptures were frequently fabricated from industrial materials and emphasized anonymity over the expressive excess of Abstract Expressionism. Painters and sculptors avoided overt symbolism and emotional content.